Noting that none of the solemn declarations, facts or conventions on the prosecution and punishment of war crimes and crimes against humanity provided for a limitation period, the Hague Conventions were international treaties negotiated at the First and Second Peace Conferences in The Hague, Netherlands, in 1899 and 1907 respectively and with the Geneva Conventions on the First Formal Declarations of the Laws of War and war crimes. in the emerging body of secular international law. At the heart of the concept of war crimes is the idea that individuals can be held criminally responsible for the actions of a country or its soldiers. War crimes and crimes against humanity are among the most serious crimes under international law. The States Parties to the present Convention undertake, in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures, to take all necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that legal or other restrictions do not apply to the prosecution and punishment of the crimes referred to in articles I and II and that, if they exist, these restrictions are lifted. Considering that war crimes and crimes against humanity are among the most serious crimes under international law, leaders, organizers, instigators and accomplices involved in formulating or executing a joint plan or conspiracy to commit any of the above-mentioned crimes are criminally responsible for everything that someone has done to implement such a plan. However, the court has jurisdiction over these crimes only if they are “part of a plan or policy, or as part of a large-scale commission of such crimes.”  Genocide is a crime under international law, even if it is not a crime in the country where it takes place, and incitement to genocide is also a crime. The laws of war were sometimes accused of limiting preference for victors (“Victor`s Justice”), as some controversies were not classified as war crimes. Some examples include the destruction of Axis cities by the Allies during World War II, such as the firebombs on Dresden, the invasion of Tokyo (the most destructive bombing in history), and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.  With respect to strategic bombing during World War II, there was no international treaty or instrument specifically protecting a civilian population from air attacks, so airstrikes on civilians were not officially war crimes. .
October 14 2021